Syria’s civil war and resulting refugee crisis are poised to become the worst humanitarian disaster of our time.
According to the UN, more than half of all Syrian refugees are under the age of 18. Most have been out of school for months, if not years. The youngest are confused and scared by their experiences, lacking the sense of safety and home they need. The older children are forced to grow up too fast, finding work and taking care of their family in desperate circumstances.
Photo by Muzaffar Salman.
The UN estimates that over 4 million people are internally displaced and that almost 7 million are in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria. When you also consider refugees, nearly 40 percent of the country’s population of 22 million is suffering, whether they still remain in the country or have escaped across the borders.
An average of 6,000 Syrians now flee their country every day. They often decide to finally escape after seeing their neighborhoods bombed or family members killed. The risks on the journey to the border can be as high as staying: families walk for miles through the night to avoid being shot at by snipers or being caught by soldiers who will kidnap young men to fight for the regime.
Photo By J.Wreford
Too many have been wounded physically, psychologically or both. Some children have been drawn into the war — their innocence ruthlessly exploited.
The war in Syria has torn families apart, thousands of refugee children are living without one or both of their parents, or with no adult caregivers at all.
There are now one million Syrian refugee children. And every day, thousands more kids are ripped from their homes and schools, left with painful memories of violence and confusion over what they’ve lost.
Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images
Comforting children in the aftermath of tragedy is a critical part of the emergency response.
I had the honor to collaborate with Mercy Corps and UNICEF to develop the illustrations and design for a series of support products in both Arabic and English to help Syrian refugees recover from psychological trauma. The project will be implemented under the Comfort For Kids program with refugees living in Syria’s neighboring countries (Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq).
Mercy Corps is currently providing critical support to nearly 2 million people affected by the crisis in Syria. They are helping children cope with trauma and leading constructive activities to nurture their healthy development.
All illustrations by Lina Safar.
What is Comfort for Kids?
Comfort for Kids (C4K) is a Mercy Corps Psychosocial Support methodology that has been used to help children recover after the traumatic events of September 11 in New York (2001), Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (2005), Operation Cast Lead in Gaza (2009), the conflict in Libya (2011), as well as earthquakes in Peru (2007), China (2008), Haiti and Chile (2010), and Japan (2011). It is currently being used in Jordan and Lebanon (2013) in response to the Syrian Crisis.
Comfort for Kids is a workbook-based activity that is designed to help children express themselves and tell their stories. The booklets are in Arabic and each child has their own.
The Comfort for Kids Children’s Workbook is carefully designed to help children tell their story and effectively cope with the difficulties they face in their lives after the emergency. It guides children through a series of exercises that help them to appreciate family and friends, look at their goals and the challenges they face in reaching those goals, recognise their own resilient qualities and look forward to a time when they have achieved their goals.
The Comfort For Kids Children’s Workbook follows a simple approach and uses a well-studied method for helping children cope with terrible experiences like large-scale disasters and violent conflict.
Children need help from adults in changing what can be a distressing situation into a constructive learning and coping experience – to set goals and to learn how to overcome specific challenges in their lives.
It is important to listen to children and let them tell their stories in their own way and express their feelings. The Children’s Workbook helps children to gain strength, resilience and learn more about their ideas and emotions about living in a conflict zone or area hit by a natural disaster, but also focuses on encouraging children to be mindful of the present – that every day matters in their lives – and be excited about and invest in their future.
In Addition to the Workbook we have developed the Facilitators’ Manual. This manual guides facilitators who are working with children who have experienced distressing events such as natural disasters or conflict.
The Comfort for Kids Facilitator Manual defines psychosocial support and also stresses the need for facilitators to take care of themselves and ensure they are emotionally healthy enough to support the children.
It also explores the qualities that are required to work with children. The manual outlines common reactions to shocking events and the possible reactions to stress and needs of different age groups of children.
Because parents and caregivers play a critical role in their children’s recovery, the C4K Parents’ Pamphlet was developed to provide semi-structured support to parents/caregivers. The ten Pamphlet modules will be introduced through Caregiver Support Groups to provide additional support to parents to understand their own stress and triggers and also understand how to help their children recover from disasters.
As the number of those in need keep increasing, your support can do even more. Here’s how you can make a difference for Syrian refugees:
Start a campaign. You can turn knowledge into action by setting up a personal fundraising page and asking your friends and family to contribute to Mercy Corps efforts to help Syrian refugees.